Rosacea is a disorder that causes symptoms of stinging, flushing, redness, skin lesions, or eyelid changes. It is an inflammatory condition of the skin of the center of the face. There are four types of rosacea.
Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea- sensitive skin, flushing, redness or skin texture changes
Papulopustular rosacea- red, painful skin reactions in the center of the face
Phymatous rosacea- thickening of the skin, such as the nose or cheeks, that causes a change in appearance
Ocular rosacea- eyelid changes that result in swelling, redness or dry eyes
Certain conditions can exacerbate the symptoms of rosacea. These include exercise, spicy food or alcohol, sunlight, temperature changes and sometimes hot flashes.
There are several treatments that are helpful for rosacea. Removing irritating substances and keeping the skin moisturized is helpful. Protecting the skin from the sun is helpful. Laser treatment is sometimes used for the superficial vascular changes that occur, especially for cosmetic reasons. Topical medicines like metronidazole gel can be helpful. Sometimes oral antibiotic treatments are used also.