Vertigo is a sensation of movement out of proportion to the normal feeling. This is a feeling that can occur with movement of the head (looking up or down, turning side to side), spontaneously, or with changes in the position of the body (sitting up or turning over in bed). It can feel like rotation, moving up or down, or a combination of these.
Benign peripheral vertigo (also called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or BPPV) is a condition that is caused by abnormal signaling from the inner ear. This part of the inner ear is called the vestibular system in particular. There is a set of vestibular system sensors on each side of the head. When the two vestibular signals do not match, people may feel dizziness, vertigo, nausea, headaches, or feel trouble with their vision (trouble focusing or involuntary eye movements called nystagmus). Often Benign peripheral vertigo is caused by small amounts of debris within the vestibular system.
Benign peripheral vertigo may improve spontaneously. When it does not improve, these other remedies can be helpful.
Medicines that reduce vestibular signaling, such as meclizine (antivert)