Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a condition that causes pain in the muscles and joints, trouble sleeping, changes in thinking, and fatigue.  The cause of this condition is unknown.  Despite being a disabling physical and psychological condition, patients with FM improve with management in the majority of cases.  The response to treatment varies.  

People with fibromyalgia often complain of fatigue, muscle aches, widely distributed pain, depression or anxiety, the need to urinate, and sometimes trouble thinking.  People with fibromyalgia are diagnosed based on several findings, including tenderness to touch on certain points or joints in the body.

There is a FibroDetect quiz tool that helps to make the diagnosis.

There is no blood test, xray ultrasound or MRI test that diagnoses fibromyalgia.  These tests are normally used to make sure there are not other causes of the symptoms.

Treatment cornerstones for Fibromyalgia

Aerobic exercise

Counseling

Medicines to help with sleep, mood or pain

Physical therapy to keep the muscles and joints healthy

Examples of medicine treatments include duloxetine, gabapentin, pregabalin, or amitriptyline, medicines that are often used to treat the mood, pain or seizures.