Hyperparathyroidism is a condition when the parathyroid hormone is elevated. This may be the cause of kidney stones, but most cases of hyperparathyroidism cause an elevated blood calcium level without symptoms. Elevated calcium can be related to symptoms of fatigue, depression, muscle pain, bone pain, or changes in the bones also. People with fibromyalgia symptoms have symptoms similar to those with hyperparathyroidism.
Testing for hyperparathyroidism
People with hyperparathyroidism may have an elevated parathyroid hormone or ionized calcium level in the blood. Sometimes urinary calcium levels are elevated. At the same time, tests for creatinine, vitamin D, alkaline phosphatase, phosphate, and magnesium should be normal.
Causes of hyperparathyroidism
Elevated parathyroid hormone can be caused by side effects of medicines, changes in the parathyroid gland, certain kinds of cancer, and changes in calcium metabolism.
Treatment of hyperparathyroidism
Clinical observation is an important part of caring for this condition. This may include lab tests or bone density monitoring. Some patients use a medicine to protect the bone density in this condition. Others use a medicine to help keep calcium levels low. Surgery of the parathyroid gland is also sometimes helpful.
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